Check only the "American" box! The remarkable man who led the fight to abolish racial preferences in California was invited to speak about civil rights at the University of Texas Law School a few weeks back.
Read Mode Three States Reconsider Affirmative Action At a time when voters could elect the country's first African-American president, three states also will decide in November whether to end affirmative action programs that supporters say help historically oppressed minority groups, but that critics say cause reverse discrimination against whites and sometimes Asians.
The ballot measures to end racial and gender preferences now pending in Arizona, Colorado and Nebraska would block public universities from considering race or sex when deciding admissions, and state and local governments would do the same in hiring and awarding contracts.
Similar initiatives in California, Washington and most recently Michigan caused an uproar from civil rights advocates, but all were overwhelmingly passed, killing their affirmative action programs. Weighing in from the presidential campaign trail, Republican Arizona Sen. John McCain said he supports his state's anti-affirmative action ballot, leading to charges of flip-flopping, because a decade ago, McCain opposed a similar plan in the Legislature.
Barack Obama, whose father is African and mother is white, said he opposes the measures, but said he does not consider affirmative action a long-term solution.
He suggested that such programs should eventually focus on class, not race. Ward Connerly, the initiatives' author and driving force, said Obama's success is proof that affirmative action is no longer necessary.
The federal government first created affirmative action in the s, requiring contractors and subcontractors to expand job opportunities for women and minority groups including blacks, Latinos and Native Americans.
State governments and colleges followed suit. In higher education, though, Asians weren't among the minorities who benefited. Some research has shown that Asians are overrepresented at colleges with a disproportionately large enrollment, resulting in higher academic requirements for those applicants.
Connerly founded the American Civil Rights Institute to challenge affirmative action programs after successfully leading a drive in to end racial and gender preferences in California.
His group later spurred the movements in Washington and Michigan, as well. This year, they gathered thousands more signatures than necessary to get the initiatives on the ballot in Arizona, Colorado and Nebraska. So far, polls show the measures would easily pass. The question is whether they will make the ballot.
A Michigan-based group called By Any Means Necessary BAMN is leading a legal challenge to the ballot measures in Arizona, claiming that petition gatherers misled voters about the intent of the measure and that many of the circulators were not from Arizona, which violates state law.
The initiatives in Colorado and Nebraska are also being challenged under similar charges of voter fraud or misleading ballot language.
In Missouri, BAMN supporters aggressively trailed signature gatherers as they approached voters to explain that the measure would end affirmative action programs. The initiatives in both states failed to get enough signatures. After the anti-affirmative action Proposition took effect in California, the numbers of black, Latino and Native American students dropped throughout the University of California system.
In recent years, those numbers have inched up to surpass pre-initiative levels throughout the system. During the last school year, UCLA enrolled just over black freshmen out of a class of more than 4, students.
That was double the previous year, when the school enrolled black freshmen out of a class of more than 4, a year low. Inthe U."Angry University of Texas students disrupted a Monday night speech by Ward Connerly, the leader of a national campaign against "racial preferences" and the architect of .
This article offers a qualitative content analysis of the print news media coverage of Proposal 2, an anti–affirmative action ballot initiative that passed on November 7, Wardell Anthony Connerly was born June 15, , in Leesville, Louisiana.
Connerly has stated he is one-fourth black, with the rest a mix of Irish, French and Choctaw. His father, Roy Connerly, left the household when Ward was 2, and his mother died when Ward was 4. The young Connerly went to live. Affirmative action refers to a complex set of policies adopted by governments and institutions to take proactive measures to increase the proportion of historically disadvantaged minority groups.
These measures have taken many different forms, including strict quotas, extra outreach efforts and. Justice for All This paper attempts to understand the rationale of anti Affirmative Action leader Ward Connerly and the detrimental effects ending the program will have on society. I.
History of Affirmative ActionA. Modes of thoughtB. Language of the groupC. Inherited situation of ConnerlyD. That confused me a bit," said Ward Connerly, head of the American Civil Rights Institute, which led the successful campaign to eliminate affirmative action in Michigan as well several other states.