California Style Manual The Bluebook is the most ubiquitous citation style manual for legal documents within the United States. The federal courts; many, if not most, state courts; and law journals require that citations be in Bluebook format. The Bluebook establishes separate citation formats for citations in legal documents, such as court filings, and citations in law review footnotes. Accordingly, when crafting citations, it is important to rely on the correct Bluebook rules for the type of document you are writing.
It contains no new law. In dramatic form this poses the question: How should one think about and cite to a provision of the U. Code or any of its state counterparts? If not now, when will it be?
The Addition of New or Amended Provisions The same question is posed less starkly each time a new statute of general and permanent applicability becomes law. It amended numerous sections of Title 38 of the Code, one of the 37 titles that Congress has enacted into positive law.
Two of the amended provisions are subsections e and f of 38 U. Although enacted those changes do not take effect immediately. With the establishment of Title 34, however, that section including the amendment moved to 34 U. These changes were swiftly incorporated by the Office of Law Revision Counsel into its online version of the Code.
From the OLRC site the titles, as revised, were picked up and incorporated immediately into the federal statutory compilations maintained by the major online legal information providers.
United States Code edition The next edition to appear will carry a date, but it will not be produced and delivered until well into and In between editions there are annual supplemental volumes. They cumulate all changes made up to their cutoff date. The changes noted above will be contained in Supplement V to the edition of the code likely to be available in late Volumes and the annual supplements are produced sequentially so that titles with lower numbers and supplements to them appear in print sooner than, say, Titles 34, 38, or Unlike their print counterparts, these files do not separate statutory text and notes into core volume and cumulative supplement.
When the version of Title 38 appears at the FDsys site in late it will contain the full title as amended through the beginning of the year. What Do the Leading Manuals Say?
Citation manuals also appear in periodic editions. More on this Bluebook competitor in a later post. Tracking the fifth edition it states in Rule Cite an authenticated federal statute in FDsys the same way you cite it in print.
In the interim, for new law, citations to print session laws or presumably their digital counterparts are preferred.books on the bluebook The Bluepages section located at the start of the Bluebook is a mini-guide to Court Documents and/or Legal Memoranda.
Bluepage rules are sometimes different but are always based upon the normal non-bluepage rules.
When citing legal resources, APA defers to the popular legal citation style outlined in the The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (20th ed., )..
The United States Constitution, the foundational document of our democracy, does not need to be cited in the text of a paper if mentioned generally. Learn How to Use the Library: Starting Your Research, Designing a Research Strategy, Find Books, Articles, Web Sites, Facts, Reviews, and More, Evaluating and Citing Sources, and Searching the MLA International Bibliography.
Citation Manuals. The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation is generally the default legal citation manual. It is compiled by the editors of the Columbia Law Review, the Harvard Law Review, the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, and The Yale Law Journal and began in Guidelines for citing electronic resources using MLA and Chicago styles for a variety of specialized electronic resources on the web including films, recorded sound, photographs, and more, uses materials from the Library of Congress' online collections as examples.
The sources part of an APA reference list are only those that are traceable, and can be used by others. Because a personal interview does not constitute recoverable data, it should not be included in an APA reference list.
Instead a personal interview should be referenced as a parenthetical citation.